Despite its look, it is typically not serious, apart from the pain. It will go away in a couple of weeks and the doctor may remove it if the pain is unbearable.
- Itching or irritation in the anal area.
- Bleeding generally painless. The patient can notice red on the toilet paper or in the toilet bowl.
- Lumps protruding from the anal region.
- Discomfort and pain in the anal region.
- A lump near the anus, this may sometimes be sensitive.
- Swelling in the anal region.
- Feces may leak (without your wanting it to happen).
- Internal piles (hemorrhoids) generally have no symptoms
- External piles (hemorrhoids) are more likely to present with pain.
When the veins around the anus or in the rectum are enlarged or engulf with blood, the patient has piles (hemorrhoids).
- Chronic constipation
- Chronic diarrhea
- Anal intercourse
- Sitting for long periods (mainly on the toilet)
- Genetics: Some people inherit a tendency to develop piles (hemorrhoids)
To see more into the anal canal following techniques are used:
- Sigmoidoscopy may be used, or
Colonoscopy: To view the entire colon.
- In both techniques, a flexible, light viewing tube is inserted into the rectum.
- A barium X-ray: It can also show the outline of the entire colon's interior.
In this procedure, firstly a barium enema is given, then X-rays are taken of the lower gastrointestinal tract.
- Specialist ultrasonic device for hemorrhoid surgery.
- Surgery to treat piles (hemorrhoids)
- Surgery is recommended if the patient has not benefited from the simple procedures, or if the piles (hemorrhoids) are very large.
- In some cases, the patient may go home straight after the procedure, while in others they may have to be hospitalized.
- Surgery may involve hemorrhoidectomy (complete removal of the piles (hemorrhoids) or stapling, where part of the intestine is stapled to reduce the chance of prolapse
Topical creams and ointments: OTC creams or suppositories which contain hydrocortisone. There are also pads which contain witch hazel, or a topical numbing agent.
Bathing the affected area: Bath gently with warm water. Do not use soap. Dry the area gently with a hair drier after bathing.
Ice packs and cold compresses: Applying these to the affected area may help with the swelling.
Sitz bath using warm water: The sitz bath is placed over the toilet. Some pharmacies sell them. These may relieve the burning or itching symptoms.
Moist towelettes: Dry toilet paper may aggravate the problem.
Analgesics: Some painkillers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen may alleviate the pain and discomfort."
Doctors most commonly prescribe analgesics, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or aspirin to alleviate the pain or discomfort. Some recent advancement in the field of hemorrhoid treatment includes:
- Fibre supplements such as psyllium and methylcellulose soften the stool.
- Doppler guided hemorrhoid artery ligation and hemorrhoid lift are some recent techniques, used to treat hemorrhoids. Doppler guided hemorrhoid artery ligation is the only hemorrhoid surgery without cutting painful nerves.